Research Interests

A quick snapshot of major projects and topics

Platform Governance

Exploring the regulation and governance of/by platform companies.

Content Moderation

Exploring the global political impact of content decisions.

Private Cybersecurity

How do private actors shape global cybersecurity practices?

Understanding Bots

What is the political role of automated agents online?

Journal Articles

An empirical, process-based case study into the development of (and the politics behind) the NetzDG.
Telecommunications Policy 45 (6), 102145, 2021.

An accessible technical primer on how automated content moderation works, and a discussion of its political promises and technical pitfalls.
Big Data & Society 7 (1), 2020.

Grounding voluntary and non-binding governance regimes for platforms in the the traditional trasnational and corporate governance literatures.
Internet Policy Review 8 (2), 2019.

A first mapping of the interdisciplinary research agenda for platform governance, an overview of emerging governance modes, and a discussion some of the normative principles which promise to shape platform governance going forward.
Information, Communication & Society 22 (6), 854-871, 2019.

A review of the interdisciplinary literature on ‘bots’ and social automation, and a discussion of major limitations in existing research methods.
Policy & Internet, 2018.

More Publications

Filter by Type / Year

(2020). Expanding the debate about content moderation: scholarly research agendas for the coming policy debates. Internet Policy Review 9 (4), 1-29.

Project Open Access

(2020). Democratic Transparency in the Platform Society. In Social Media and Democracy: The State of the Field and Prospects for Reform, edited by Nate Persily and Josh Tucker. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

PDF Project SocArxiv

(2020). Big Tech Hits the Diplomatic Circuit: Norm Entrepreneurship, Policy Advocacy, and Microsoft’s Cybersecurity Tech Accord. In Governing Cyberspace: Behavior, Power, and Diplomacy, edited by Dennis Broeders and Bibi van den Berg. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

PDF Project v1

(2019). What Can Be Done? Digital Media Policy Options for Strengthening European Democracy. Oxford, UK: Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism.


(2019). Prayer-Bots and Religious Worship on Twitter: A Call for a Wider Research Agenda. Minds & Machines 29 (2), 331–338.

Project Open Access

(2019). Cyber Conflict in Political Science: A Review of Methods and Literature. International Studies Association (Toronto, March 27-30).

Project SocArXiv

(2019). Glasnost? Nine ways Facebook can make itself a better forum for free speech and democracy. Oxford, UK: Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism.

Project Report

(2018). Unpacking the Ecosystem of Social Media Manipulation: A Polish Case Study. In Computational Propaganda: Political Parties, Politicians, and Political Manipulation on Social Media, edited by Samuel Woolley and Philip Howard. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Project OUP Google Books

(2018). Studying Politically Vulnerable Communities Online: Ethical Dilemmas, Questions, and Solutions. ICWSM Workshop on Exploring Ethical Trade-offs in Social Media Research (Stanford, June 25).


(2018). Current Challenges for Bot Policy and Foreign Interference. Washington, DC: Campaign Legal Centre.

Project Report


Essays, Magazine Articles, & Reviews

Opinions & Blogs

  • As Platforms Rely Less on Human Content Moderators, What’s at Stake? CIGI Online, March 2020.
  • Here is what policymakers can do for Europe’s digital media ecosystem. The Conversation, November 2019 (with Rasmus Nielsen and Madeleine de Cock Buning).
  • The Shifting Definition of Platform Governance. CIGI Online, October 2019.
  • Here’s how Mark Zuckerberg can save Facebook from itself. Wired (UK), March 2019 (with Danaë Metaxa).
  • Twitter has a serious ‘bot problem,’ and Wikipedia might have the solution. Quartz, October 2017.
  • On Facebook, foreign interference, and sharing data with researchers. Washington Post, May 2017 (with Phil Howard).
  • Why detecting ‘Russian bots’ isn’t quite as easy as people seem to think. NetPolitics, March 2017.
  • Just stop the Internet of Things, please (before its too late). OpenCanada, November 2016.
  • A conversation about quantum computing, R&D, and state power. World Politics Review, October 2016 (with Taylor Owen).
  • Talking to a colleague about the ethics of doing research in conflict zones. The Envoy, October 2015.